The IMF also welcomed the fiscal adjustments envisaged in the 2021 budget, while stressing that fiscal consolidation was needed to address debt sustainability and rollover risks.
The renowned economist with University of Cape Coast (UCC) urged government not to give in to the negative attitude of some fear government officials who fear the reconciliation and full disclosure of data, especially on procurement, and therefore advocating against the IMF program.
The finance and economic expert warned that the worst thing that could happen to Ghana at this point as the economy strives to rebound will be to default on debt repayments and therefore admonishing the government to take drastic measures to help tame any unlikely situation of such.
According to Finance Minister, although the economy is in difficulties now, he believes the it is heading in the right direction, and therefore government will find alternative ways of refinancing the country’s debt.
This is based on the fact that, within the past two weeks; the World Bank Group, International Monetary Fund (IMF), African Development Bank and other regional block institutions have consistently warned against food crisis in Ghana, Africa and other part of the world, especially the developing countries.
In its latest World Economic Outlook report, the Fund said the Ghanaian economy will expand by 5.1% in 2023, 0.1% lower than the 2022 forecast, whilst it return to the pre-pandemic levels of 7.5% in 2027.
IMF's April 2022 Fiscal Monitor also revised its forecast of an end year inflation of 16.3% from an initial forecast of 8.8%. This means the country will miss the Bank of Ghana target of 8%+\-2. It indicated that, the rising inflation has been triggered by higher commodity prices such as crude oil and cereals as a result of the Russia/Ukraine conflict.
As global risk may worsen further in the first-half of 2022, and Ghana’s ability to tap the Eurobond market may further wane. Foreign exchange reserves could remain under pressure in 2022 — unless the government acquires alternative sources of external bilateral and multilateral funding.
Fitch Ratings in a podcast said Ghana’s international reserves position has become very reliant on Eurobond issuance. Indicating that, Ghana is not in a situation where the government needs to constantly roll over hard currency debt or whose debt market is wholly reliant on non-resident investors. In supporting the Fitch's position, the University of Ghana economist noted